Friday, 20 January 2012

Bridge resource management

Tradewinds is reporting that Carnival has ordered an urgent audit of its safety and emergency response procedures following the loss of Costa Concordia. While the media crucifixion of the Captain continues, the Antipodean Mariner is certain that Costa's Marine Superintendent is grilling the other members of the bridge team as to their role in, and reason for their collective 'brain fart' that put the ship on her side.

All deck officers receive training in bridge resource management, which is modelled on the aviation model of cockpit resource management. Under BRM, every member of the bridge team has a voice and is expected to actively raise their concerns as to the safety of any deviation from the berth-to-berth passage plan. Assuming that Costa Concordia had two navigating officers on the bridge as well as the Master, it seems inconceivable that they would assent by their silence to the deviation towards the island and is completely contrary to the principles of BRM. Carnival Cruises would spent millions of dollars every year putting their officers through simulator training and BRM.

The hierachical command structure naturally puts junior officers at a disadvantage when the Master issues an instruction but the officers had the 'advantage' of at least being the same nationality and having the same first language. 'Kennebec Captain' is a working Master and has posted some excellent bloggings on BRM - his blog is linked to the AM's.

An interesting observation that the port stabiliser fin can be seen deployed and apparently undamaged, forward of the hull penetrated by the grounding. For this to be undamaged indicates Costa Concordia was turning to starboard away from the island, which would move the stern to port and closer to the rocks.

Carnival and Costa must be questioning the culture of their bridge teams and why no-one was effective in challenged the apparent practice of 'tourism navigation'.



  1. Goodday AM,
    With a bit of luck tomorrow a little girl will arrive at St.Maarten after going around the world on her own in a 33 year old Gin Fizz sailing boat.
    ( with little I mean she is only just 17 now )
    Big Big problems in Holland as she did not finished school in the way authorities want to do.
    In short, no diploma, no education?. What is that compared to the highly educated people you just mentioned about the Costa Concordia? All certificates, audits etc, Papertigers, not knowing the real world.

  2. Dear Antipodean -
    Not being a naval architect, I've been searching for information about whether the Costa Concordia was actually still sea worthy after nicking the rocks. Is it possible that the beaching of the ship caused the capsizing, and that if it had been in deep water, the watertight compartments and leveling systems would have operated properly and the ship (and the captain) might have not suffered such an ignominious fate?

    1. i love to read article and blogs regarding online courses. Thanks for sharing it dear. i love to read it. Human Resource Management

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